Source – SUSTENT Consulting Pvt. Ltd
5.12 List of Best Practices
Some of the techniques described as air abatement techniques which can be installed in enterprises for air pollution minimisation include:
Cyclones Dust Collector at the point of air pollution origin
Figure 9: Bag Filter
Source: Santonja, G.G., Karlis, P., Stubdrup, K.R., Brinkmann, T. and Roudier, S., 2019. Best Available Techniques (BAT) reference document for the food, drink and milk industries. Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control), 3.
Electrostatic Precipitator at the stack
Wet Scrubbers at the stack
Apart from these methods, the company/ facility should have a dedicated air quality professionals (part/full time) who can work to minimize the impact of air pollution on workers. The best practices that can be followed in the enterprise are:
Having Management Commitment
Management commitment is essential for continuous and long-term efforts.
Follow Collaborative Approach
The best way to successfully implement an initiative is to get the whole team behind it. It is essential to provide them the necessary training on standard operating procedures and need to do such project which will help them to know the purpose of starting such projects.
A well-defined target for a particular timeframe is needed to be established for continual improvement in the system. Communicate with others what you want to achieve. For example, to decrease the amount of carbon dioxide inside facility by having indoor plants inside facility.
Spreading and speeding up technology transfer
It is essential to be well informed about the latest technologies and to implement them wherever possible for minimizing the effect of air pollution on environment and health. Also, make others informed about the same for spreading awareness.
Attitude is important when you are trying to bring a necessary change. Working in a team with staff become easier by understanding their attitude and then implementing solutions. To reduce the impact of indoor air pollution, workers should
5.13 Emerging Technologies
As identified from literatures, some of the indoor dust sensor that are currently in use include:
Table 8: Emerging Technologies
|Author||Device and Size Range||Concentration Range||Sensor Used||Specification|
|Manikonda et al, 2016||Speck 2.0
DSM501A (0.5 – 3 µm)
|0-640 µg/m3||Speck DSM501A
|13Measure the particle concentration with the detected scattered light|
|Besser and Heimbinder. 2014
(Habitat Map, 2014)
Air Casting (0.5-2.5 µm)
|0-400 µg/m3||Shinyei PPD60PV
|14Sensor of PM2.5, relative humidity, and temperature. Use internal fan to pull air in particle sensing region|
|Sousan et al., 2016||DC-1700 (>0.5µm)||0–106 particles
|DC-1700 sensor||15Fitted with fan used to pull out air. Provides
fine and coarse
|Sousan et al., 2017||Foobot Analyser (0.3 – 2.5 µm)||0-1300 µg/m3||Sharp GP2Y
|16Provides display of indoor pollutants by using LED
real time data
and do plotting
patterns and identify
the relevant sources
13Manikonda, A., Zíková, N., Hopke, P.K. and Ferro, A.R., 2016. Laboratory assessment of low-cost PM monitors. Journal of Aerosol Science, 102, pp.29-40. Moore, D., 2014. Handbook of Spectroscopy. s.I.:Wiley-VCH verlag
14Air Beam Technical Specifications, Operation & Performance. The HabitatMap & AirCasting.
15Sousan, S., Koehler, K., Hallett, L. and Peters, T.M., 2016. Evaluation of the Alphasense optical particle counter (OPC-N2) and the Grimm portable aerosol spectrometer (PAS-1.108). Aerosol Science and Technology, 50(12), pp.1352-1365.
16Sousan, S., Koehler, K., Hallett, L. and Peters, T.M., 2017. Evaluation of consumer monitors to measure particulate matter. Journal of aerosol science, 107, pp.123-133.